Butterflies are part of the class of of Lepidoptera insects, along with moths. Adult butterflies have large, often colorful wings, and conspicuous, fluttering flight.
Scientific name: Rhopalocera
Lifespan: Vanessa cardui: 12 months
Higher classification: Butterflies and moths
Wingspan: Papilio machaon: 6.5 – 8.6 cm, Vanessa cardui: 5 cm, Pieris rapae: 3.2 – 4.7 cm
Butterfly word was first used to describe the butter colored insects the brimstone butterfly. Butterfly wings are made of hard tubes covered with a thin tissue. The wings are covered with scales that are like fine dust.
They have two antennas on top of their heads, which they used to feel, smell and hear. Mouth of the butterfly is a long tube through which sucks the sweet nectar of flowers. When the butterfly will not eat, it rolls the tube up!
Butterflies have three pairs of legs. Their feet are small claws to help them resist the flowers. Some butterflies, such as the peacock only use four of their feet, bringing both front legs against their bodies.