Atal Bihari Vajpayee, also spelled as Behari (born on December 25, 1924 in Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India), the leader of the pro-Hindu Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) minister and twice prime minister of India (1996; 1998–2004).
Born: December 25, 1924 (age 91), Gwalior
Political party: Bharatiya Janata Party (1980–)
Previous offices: Prime Minister of India (1998–2004)
Education: Lakshmibai College, Chhatrapati Shahu Ji Maharaj University, DAV College, Kanpur
Vajpayee was first elected to parliament in 1957 as a member of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh (BJS), a forerunner of the BJP. In 1977, BJS joined three other parties to form the Janata Party, which led a government, which lasted until July 1979, as Foreign Minister in the Janata government, Vajpayee has earned a reputation for improving relations with Pakistan and China, in 1980 after a split in the Janata party in, BJS helped to reorganize himself as the BJP. In 1992 he was one of the few Hindu leaders to speak out against the destruction of the historic mosque in Ayodhya by anti-Muslim extremists.
Vajpayee was sworn in as prime minister in May 1996, but was only 13 days in office after failing to attract support from other parties. In early 1998, he became Prime Minister again in elections in which the BJP won a record number of seats, but he was forced to make a shaky alliance with regional parties. In 1999, the BJP increased their seats in parliament, and the government has consolidated power.
Best Atal Bihari Vajpayee Quotes
1. You can change friends but not neighbors.
2. Our nuclear weapons are meant purely as a deterrent against nuclear adventure by an adversary.
Global interdependence today means that economic disasters in developing countries could create a backlash on developed countries.
3. We hope the world will act in the spirit of enlightened self-interest.
4. The Bio-diversity Convention has not yielded any tangible benefits to the world’s poor.
5. The UN’s unique legitimacy flows from a universal perception that it pursues a larger purpose than the interests of one country or a small group of countries.
6. In the euphoria after the Cold War, there was a misplaced notion that the UN could solve every problem anywhere.
7. No state should be allowed to profess partnership with the global coalition against terror, while continuing to aid, abet and sponsor terrorism.
8. The reality is that international institutions like the UN can only be as effective as its members allow it to be.